Breaking News

Esperer BioResearch addresses the Nutritional Deficiency in Cancer Patients

Nutrition plays major role in many aspects of cancer development and treatment. Malnutrition is a common problem in cancer patients that has been recognized as an important component of adverse outcomes, including increased morbidity and mortality and decreased quality of life. Weight loss has been identified as an indicator of poor prognosis in cancer patients. It has been shown that at the time of diagnosis, 80% of patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer and 60% of patients with lung cancer have already experienced a significant weight loss, generally defined as at least a 10% loss of body weight in 6 months' time. Good nutrition practices can help cancer patients maintain weight and the body's nutrition stores, offering relief from nutrition impact symptoms and improving quality of life. Poor nutrition practices, which can lead to under nutrition, can contribute to the incidence and severity of treatment side effects and increase the risk of infection, thereby reducing chances for survival. 

Cancer Statistics in India
  • Estimated number of people living with the disease: around 2.25 million
  • Every year, new cancer patients registered: Over 11,57,294 lakh
  • Cancer-related deaths: 7,84,821
Risk of developing cancer before the age of 75 years
  • Male: 9.81%
  • Female: 9.42%

One woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India 

For every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it in India 

Mortality due to tobacco use in India is estimated at upwards of 3500 persons every day 

Tobacco (smoked and smokeless) use accounted for 3,17,928 deaths (approx) in men and women in 2018.

Cancer Statistics in Mumbai

Below fig presents the age-adjusted incidence rates for the top three cancers in Mumbai and satellite registration areas. For males in all four registry areas, lung cancer is consistently among the top three cancers reported. The incidence rate in Mumbai is much higher than in the satellite registration areas (10.3 per 100,000 in Mumbai, compared to 5.6 to 6.9 per 100,000 in the satellite areas). The top cancers among men vary by area and include prostate, mouth, larynx, and esophagus. For women, breast cancer consistently has the highest incidence rate; this rate is also substantially higher in Mumbai than in the satellite coverage areas (33.4 per 100,000 in Mumbai, compared to 16.7 to 29.1 per 100,000 in the satellite areas). Cervical and ovarian cancer are second and third, respectively, across all the coverage areas, but there is variation in the incidence rates—cervical cancer incidence is higher in the satellite registries than in Mumbai, and ovarian cancer follows the opposite pattern.

Cancer deaths and Nutrition:

Hypermetabolism is correlated with clinical and biological markers of cancer cachexia and is associated with a shorter survival in metastatic cancer patients. 

Although there have been important advances in cancer therapy aimed at different types of neoplasia, achievements have commonly been directed at treating the tumor instead of the concomitant syndromes that are present due to metabolic aberrations caused by the presence of the malignancy. One of the most relevant syndromes that increase as cancer progresses is cachexia, which compromises the life of the patient and irremediably causes weakness and death. 

No comments